How your PC connects with other PCs is outlined by TCP/IP. We advise using automated Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol to make managing TCP/IP settings easier (DHCP). If your network supports it, DHCP will automatically issue Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to the computers connected to it. If you use DHCP, you won’t need to manually set up TCP/IP settings like Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) and Domain Name System (DNS) if you move your PC to a different place. DHCP also eliminates the need for you to alter your TCP/IP settings (WINS).
In this blog, we try to understand the DHCP, and its features, and the most prominent part is how to install DHCP in Windows 10
What is DHCP?
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), a network administration protocol, can be used to automatically configure an IP network device so that it can access network services like DNS, NTP, and any protocol based on UDP or TCP. For the purpose of connecting to other IP networks, each device in a network is given a dynamically assigned IP address and other network configuration details. A DHCP server distributes configuration information to a client upon request in accordance with the administrator’s policies. Subnet mask, router, domain name server, hostname, and domain name are typical network parameters that are requested.
As soon as a client joins the network, it broadcasts the request because it lacks an IP address. As a result, the protocol is used from the beginning of IP communication. The client must use a static IP address, also known as a predefined IP address, that is manually configured on the client network interface using configuration files or a specific command.
The DHCP service offers three crucial benefits: 1) Less operational labor is required because each client no longer needs to be manually configured by the network administrator before it can access the network. 2) The IP addressing scheme is optimized, with unused addresses made available to newly connected customers. 3) User mobility is manageable; when a client’s network access point changes, the administrator need not manually reconfigure the client.
Features of DHCP
Compared to older techniques for obtaining IP addresses, DHCP servers have a number of benefits. A DHCP server can provide the features listed below:
- IP address management is done automatically, and duplicate IP address issues are avoided.
- Enables support for BOOTP clients, allowing for a simple switch from BOOTP to DHCP on your networks.
- Allows the administrator to set lease times, even for IP addresses that were manually assigned.
- Allows for the restriction of the MAC addresses served by dynamic IP addresses.
- Provides the administrator with the ability to configure DHCP option types other than BOOTP.
Enabling DHCP in Windows 10
We’ll outline the procedures in the section that follows so you can easily enable DHCP on Windows 10. In contrast to prior versions of Windows, the procedure has been made rather straightforward in the most recent Windows release.
On the desktop screen, press the Windows key and R to launch the “Run” command box and enable DHCP. You can access the network and sharing window by typing “ncpa.cpl” in the command box once it has appeared.
Simply right-click the “Ethernet” symbol once you’re in the Network and Sharing Window and select Properties. Simply select “Yes” if UAC prompts you to do so.
You must scroll down in the Properties box to find “Internet Protocol Version 4 (also known as TCP/IPv4)” and “Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6)” in order to enable DHCP. When it comes to using the internet and turning on DHCP, these two are pretty crucial. Users must therefore exercise caution when manually editing them. The adjustment to have DHCP enabled in the scenario under discussion wasn’t particularly difficult.
Double-click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) as described above, then check the boxes next to “Obtain an IP Address automatically” and “Obtain DNS Server Address automatically” to enable DHCP. When you are finished, tap “Ok.”
If you choose Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6), you must complete the procedures listed above and then dismiss the window in order to enable DHCP.
Disable DHCP in Windows 10
No matter what features DHCP offers in Windows, it typically results in an issue that system administrators have to deal with. After a fresh install, it is possible to find the DHCP client activated in the OS, which prevents the static configuration from functioning.
In order to disable DHCP for a connection in Windows:
- Select Settings by pressing the Windows + x keys.
- Click on the Network & Internet item.
- Click the Properties button after selecting the desired (wired or wireless) network connection, such as Ethernet.
- The IP settings section is located in the connection information. Click the Edit button if it is necessary to click the button.
- Most likely, the connection will be set to Automatic in the Edit IP settings dialogue. Select Manual from the drop-down menu by clicking it.
- One toggle switch will be for IPv4 and the other will be for IPv6. The procedure is the same for both of these, so you can enable one or the other. For the purpose of the following step, we’ll select IPv4.
- There will be many new fields added. You must fill out these fields with at least the IP address, the Subnet prefix length, the Gateway, and the Preferred DNS.
We hope now this blog helped you to know about the DHCP, its amazing features, and also learned to install DHCP in Windows 10 as I tried to give a clear view by providing screenshots to you for your better understanding.